In the UK, the High Court hears most serious civil cases, and appeals from the county courts. It is divided into three Divisions: `Queen’s Bench’, `Family’ and `Chancery’.

Queen’s Bench (known as King’s Bench if a King is assuming the throne) – civil disputes for recovery of money, including breach of contract, personal injuries, libel/slander.

Family – concerned with matrimonial maters and proceedings relating to children, e.g. wardship.

Chancery – property matters including fraud and bankruptcy